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Author Garvey, P.M. isbn  openurl
  Title On-Premise Electronic Message Center (EMC) Lighting Levels Type Report
  Year 2015 Publication n/a Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume n/a Issue n/a Pages n/a  
  Keywords Regulation; electronic message center; EMC; digital billboard; electronic billboards; signs; illuminated signs; best practices  
  Abstract If an on-premise electronic message center (EMC) is not set at the appropriate light level for the given ambient brightness (i.e., the level of light around the sign), it will either be too dim, in which case it will not be optimally detectable or legible, or it will be too bright, reducing sign legibility because of overglow or blooming of the sign copy. The goal of this research was to develop appropriate EMC brightness and nighttime lighting level standards through a literature review of existing research and standards and a survey of the EMC industry.  
  Address Thomas D. Larson Pennsylvania Transportation Institute, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylania, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher United States Sign Council Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language (down) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN n/a ISBN n/a Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1388  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ticleanu, C.; Littlefair, P. url  openurl
  Title A summary of LED lighting impacts on health Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal of Sustainable Lighting Abbreviated Journal Intl. J. of Sustainable Lighting  
  Volume 1 Issue 1 Pages 5-11  
  Keywords Human health; light and health; LED glare; LED flicker; melatonin supression; LED skin exposure  
  Abstract Lighting can affect the health of people in buildings. This goes beyond the safety aspects of providing enough illumination to see by; lighting affects mood and human circadian rhythms, while poor lighting can cause glare, headaches, eyestrain, aches and pains associated with poor body posture or, in extreme cases, skin conditions and various types of sight loss. These aspects ought to be considered by designers and building owners and occupiers in order to improve the lit environment and use adequate lighting and lighting controls that meet the recommendations of codes and standards. Various types of lighting can have different impacts depending on their spectral, optical and electrical characteristics. This paper discusses potential impacts of LED lighting on human health, and is based on a recent BRE review of research investigating the most typical effects of lighting on human health.  
  Address Building Research Establishment (BRE), Bucknalls Lane, Watford WD25 9XX UK; Cosmin.Ticleanu(at)bre.co.uk  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher International Journal of Sustainable Lighting Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language (down) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1454-5837 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1389  
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Author Nasar, J.L.; Bokharaei, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Impressions of Lighting in Public Squares After Dark Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Environment & Behavior Abbreviated Journal Env. & Behav.  
  Volume 43 Issue 3 Pages 227-254  
  Keywords Psychology; public lighting; public safety; security; crime; perception; outdoor lighting  
  Abstract Lighting may affect impressions of public squares. Following studies on office interior lighting, the present research manipulated three modes of lighting—non-uniform–uniform, peripheral–overhead, and dim–bright—in three virtual squares. One study had 32 participants (15 men, 17 women) judge the spaciousness and privacy of each of the 24 public squares. A second study had a different group of 30 participants (16 men, 14 women) rate the appeal, safety from crime, and excitement of each square. Study 1 found that judged spaciousness increased with uniform and bright lighting, and that privacy increased with non-uniform, dim, and peripheral lighting. Study 2 found that rated appeal increased with uniform and bright lighting, as did safety from crime and excitement. Across the two studies, the uniform and bright lighting conditions contributed most to the kinds of favorable experiences people might expect to have in public spaces after dark.  
  Address City & Regional Planning, Ohio State University, 200 Knowlton Hall 275 W Woodruff Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Email: nasar.1(at)osu.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher SAGE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language (down) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0013-9165 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1390  
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Author Tian, J.F.; Deng, L.C.; Zhang, X.B.; Lu, X.-M.; Sun, J.J.; Liu, Q.L.; Zhou, Q.; Yan, Z.Z., Xin, Y.; Wang, K.; Jiang, X.-J.; Luo, Z.Q., Yang, J. url  openurl
  Title Optical Observing Conditions at Delingha Station Type Report
  Year 2016 Publication n/a Abbreviated Journal n/a  
  Volume n/a Issue n/a Pages n/a  
  Keywords Skyglow; China; Tibet; SONG; Delingha; Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau; Tibetan Plateau  
  Abstract SONG is a global ground based network of 1 meter telescopes for stellar time-domain science, an international collaboration involving many countries across the world. In order to enable a favourable duty cycle, the SONG network plans to create a homogeneous distribution of 4 nodes in each of the northern and southern hemispheres. A natural possibility was building one of the northern nodes in East Asia, preferably on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. During the last decade, a great deal of effort has been invested in searching for high a quality site for ground based astronomy in China, since this has been one of the major concerns for the development of Chinese astronomy. A number of sites on the plateau have been in operation for many years, but most of them are used only for radio astronomy, as well as small optical telescopes for applied astronomy. Several potential sites for large optical instruments have been identified by the plateau site survey, but as yet none of them have been adequately quantitatively characterised. Here we present results from a detailed multi-year study of the Delingha site, which was eventually selected for the SONG-China node. We also describe the site monitoring system that will allow an isolated SONG and 50BiN node to operate safely in an automated mode.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language (down) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1391  
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Author Bergs, R. openurl 
  Title Exploring the Spatial Economy by Night Type Report
  Year 2016 Publication n/a Abbreviated Journal n/a  
  Volume n/a Issue n/a Pages n/a  
  Keywords Economics; DMSP; DMSP-OLS; remote sensing; spatial distribution  
  Abstract Night satellite images may offer an interesting tool to generate socio-economically relevant data and to analyse the evolution of space, e.g. cities or rural areas, and how spatial units interact over time. This paper is just an essay with preliminary ideas for discussion; the approach is explorative-methodological rather than one putting an empirical focus on a defined research item. Empirics discussed in this paper are just various examples collected from tinkering.

The DMSP-OLS images and adequate image analysis software such as ImageJ (in some cases to be complemented by further statistics software) provide a useful perspective for the analysis of spatial change. Since there is a stable and significant correlation between social and economic variables (population density, GDP PPP) and luminosity, such image analyses contain important information on spatial economic development. Analysis of night imagery is certainly not adequate to replace the statistical analysis of regional data, but it is a good tool to confirm and illustrate patterns of spatial heterogeneity and spatial dependence over time.
 
  Address PRAC – Bergs & Issa Partnership Co., Bad Soden, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher n/a Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language (down) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Planung & Forschung Spolicy Research & Consultancy Discussion Paper Series Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN n/a ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1392  
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