toggle visibility Search & Display Options

Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print
  Records Links
Author Gutierrez-Escolar, A.; Castillo-Martinez, A.; Gomez-Pulido, J.; Gutierrez-Martinez, J.-M.; González-Seco, E.; Stapic, Z. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A review of energy efficiency label of street lighting systems Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Energy Efficiency Abbreviated Journal Energy Efficiency  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-18  
  Keywords Energy; Energy Efficiency Index; Total Luminous Flux; Energy Efficiency Label; Electronic Ballast; Energy Performance Indicator; Lighting Project; Energy Efficiency Class; Energy Efficiency Level; Road Lighting; Active PowerLighting System; Wind Turbine; Current Energy Efficiency; Luminous Efficacy; Electricity Consumption; Kiviat diagram; Lamp; Light pollution; Pie chart; Dimming luminous flux; review  
  Abstract There are very few countries that have provisions addressing the energy efficiency of the whole street lighting system, such as Spain or the Netherlands. Nevertheless, there is not an agreement about how energy efficiency must be assessed. The Spanish Government contemplates it in the Royal Decree 1890/2008 with the goal of improving energy savings and efficiency. However, this has not obtained the expected results. Nowadays, energy efficiency of this kind of systems is assessed using a label. In the case of Spain, this label only assesses one magnitude. The contributions of this paper are two evaluation systems (kiviat diagram and pie chart) which assess five magnitudes: lamps, energy efficiency index, light pollution, renewable energy contribution, and harness of the luminous flux using dimming. After that, a survey was done to study several subjects: (1) if citizens are aware about the efficiency of street lighting systems, (2) whether the sample of colors used in the label is adequate, and (3) if our proposed systems could replace the current evaluation system. Finally, the paper finishes with the conclusions of the survey.  
  Address Department of Computer Sciences, Polytechnic School, University of Alcala, Road Madrid-Barcelona, Km 33.6, Alcala de Henares, 28871, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1570-6478 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1471  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lockwood, R.; Selwyn, T.; Morgan-Taylor, M. url  openurl
  Title (up) A review of local authority road lighting initiatives aimed at reducing costs, carbon emissions and light pollution Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Report to Defra, UK Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Economics  
  Abstract This review of local authority road lighting initiatives was commissioned by Defra’s

Statutory Nuisance team in response to one of the recommendations contained in the

Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution’s (RCEP) report “Artificial Light in the

Environment”. The RCEP report made reference to road lighting trials being undertaken by

local authorities in the UK that have been reducing or turning road lights off. This report

has been produced following a review of fifteen out of twenty five such initiatives identified

in England and Wales.

The overall aim of the review was to examine the local authority road lighting trials and

initiatives and draw out the lessons learnt.

Local authorities have implemented these initiatives in response to economic pressures

such as rising energy prices and environmental concerns about wasted energy and the

effects of carbon emissions and light pollution. Changes have been made to the way they

deliver public road lighting services by:

 switching selected road lights off;

 lighting roads for part of the night only;

 dimming the level of lighting during the early hours of the morning;

 reducing the “burning” time of lamps in the evening and early morning; and / or

 using new and evolving technologies such as a central management system (CMS) or

light emitting diodes (LED).

These initiatives have the potential to provide a range of benefits including substantial

financial savings to local authorities, reduced carbon emissions and reduced light pollution.

However, the benefits need to be considered in the context of the important role that road

lighting plays in terms of assisting traffic safety and helping to reduce crime. Local

authorities have needed to carefully consider the impacts of proposed changes on these

issues and adopt appropriate management strategies prior to, during and post

implementation. These strategies have included the use of measures such as exemption

criteria, risk assessments and active engagement with stakeholders.

From this review, it is evident that there are a range of options and tools available to local

authorities as they consider how best to respond to the growing economic and

environmental pressures on the way they deliver their public road lighting services.

It is hoped that the information contained within this report may inform local authorities

which face similar challenges in the future, in identifying some of the key issues that may

affect their particular public road lighting service and assist in the process of implementing

changes appropriate to their circumstances.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 439  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bruce-White, C.; Shardlow, M. url  openurl
  Title (up) A Review of the Impact of Artificial Light on Invertebrates Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Buglife- The Invertebrate Conservation Trust. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Ecology  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 683  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Kocifaj, M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A review of the theoretical and numerical approaches to modeling skyglow: iterative approach to RTE, MSOS, and two-stream approximation Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer Abbreviated Journal Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer  
  Volume 181 Issue Pages 2-10  
  Keywords Skyglow  
  Abstract The study of diffuse light of a night sky is undergoing a renaissance due to the development of inexpensive high performance computers which can significantly reduce the time needed for accurate numerical simulations. Apart from targeted field campaigns, numerical modeling appears to be one of the most attractive and powerful approaches for predicting the diffuse light of a night sky. However, computer-aided simulation of night-sky radiances over any territory and under arbitrary conditions is a complex problem that is difficult to solve. This study addresses three concepts for modeling the artificial light propagation through a turbid stratified atmosphere. Specifically, these are two-stream approximation, iterative approach to Radiative Transfer Equation (RTE) and Method of Successive Orders of Scattering (MSOS). The principles of the methods, their strengths and weaknesses are reviewed with respect to their implications for night-light modelling in different environments.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0022-4073 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1295  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Derrien, M.M; Patricia A. Stokowski, P.A; Manning, R.E. url  openurl
  Title (up) A Rhetorical Analysis of National Park Service and Community Leader Discourses about Night Skies at Acadia National Park Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Park and Recreation Administration Abbreviated Journal J. of Park and Rec. Admin.  
  Volume 33 Issue 3 Pages 32-47  
  Keywords Society; parks; outreach; Acadia National Park  
  Abstract Dark night skies are becoming increasingly scarce as human populations increase and development continues to sprawl. Light pollution, and its ecological, social, and cultural impacts are transboundary, multi-jurisdictional issues that require planning and management involving multiple actors on multiple scales. This study examines management of dark night skies at Acadia National Park, where the park and community have worked to keep the night skies relatively dark. Park service managers and community leaders were interviewed, and qualitative methods were used to better understand how each group discursively made the case for the meaning and management of dark night skies at Acadia. In addition to analyzing the explicit content of interviews, enthymemes--arguments with implicit claims--were also evaluated. The rhetorical analysis also focused on the stylistic techniques that supported enthymematic claims; these included establishing legitimacy and credibility, positioning leaders relative to others, and ambiguity. This study showed that NPS arguments tended to frame the role of the community as “buying in” to NPS's efforts to uphold its new night sky-inclusive management policies, while community leaders argued that the night sky was an economic asset, discursively retaining their autonomous interests. Rhetorical discourses functioned to forge the semblance of agreement and the appearance of a “win-win” situation for both groups, even though the underlying premises of their arguments were often and the goals of its management. Other research has found that contested case, contested meanings seemed to represent a case of adjustment and shared responsibility.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Sagamore Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1276  
Permanent link to this record
Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print

Save Citations:
Export Records: