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Author Kyba, C.C.M.; Kantermann, T. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Does ambient light at night reduce total melatonin production? Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Hormones Abbreviated Journal Hormones  
  Volume (up) Issue Pages  
  Keywords Human Health; melatonin; ambient lighting; indoor light; sleep; *Circadian Rhythm; chronotype  
  Abstract It was with great interest that we read the recent study by Hersh et al on the effects of sleep and light at night on melatonin in adolescents. Of particular interest was their focus on electronic use after “lights out”. The authors highlight the importance of understanding what effects this may have on sleep, citing a survey that showed that 72% of American 13-18 year olds regularly use a cellphone or computer before trying to go to sleep. In their study, Hersh et al1 did not observe a significant suppression in urinary morning melatonin (aMT6s) levels with respect to the use of electronic devices between lights off and sleep onset. Therefore, the authors conclude that “nighttime behaviors of adolescents by and large do not impact urinary melatonin levels”. Absence of evidence, however, is not the same as evidence of absence, and we believe that the authors’ conclusion is premature.  
  Address Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Telegraphenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany; kyba(at)gfz-potsdam.de  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Hellenic Endocrine Society Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1236  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Constant, N. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Geospatial assessment of artificial lighting impacts on sea turtles in Tortuguero, Costa Rica Type Manuscript
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume (up) Issue Pages  
  Keywords Animals; sea turtles; light pollution; GIS; Tortuguero; Costa Rica  
  Abstract Between June and August 2014, I conducted walking surveys to map the nesting beach

and light sources using a Trimble Juno SB GPS unit, and I developed a GIS database that formed the basis for subsequent analyses and data visualization. I built STC’s monitoring data from 2004 through 2014 into a polygon layer of the beach subdivided into mile sections defined by mile markers erected by STC. During the new moon in June and July 2014, I conducted brightness surveys in concert with STC’s light surveys and measured brightness in units of luminance at 50-meter intervals along the beach using a Unihedron Sky Quality Meter. Using spatial data of the beach and light sources, luminance data from brightness assessments, and monitoring data from STC, I determined a mean luminance value for each mile section, examined the relationship between luminance and nesting activity, and mapped light pollution on the beach.

I found that mean luminance and the total number of green turtle emergences per mile section were significantly negatively correlated. Mean luminance exceeded the minimum threshold for light pollution in 6 of the 43 mile sections, and there were significantly fewer emergences in mile sections experiencing light pollution. Mean luminance was highest in mile sections adjacent to Tortuguero Village, where sources of artificial light were concentrated. These findings were consistent with STC’s light survey data, and mean light count and the total number of green turtle emergences per mile section from 2004 to 2014 were also significantly negatively correlated. Cumulatively, these results suggest that artificial lighting from adjacent development impacts green turtle utilization of nesting habitat and changes the spatial distribution of green turtle nesting activity on Tortuguero Beach.

These results were consistent with the findings of previous studies conducted on sea turtle nesting beaches and support the need for a turtle-friendly lighting initiative in Tortuguero.
 
  Address Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, 450 Research Dr, Durham, NC 27708 USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Duke University Place of Publication Durham, NC Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1247  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bará, S.; Espey, B.; Falchi, F.; Kyba, C.C.M.; Nievas, M., Pescatori, P., Ribas, S.J., Sánchez de Miguel, A.; Staubmann, P., Tapia Ayuga, C.; Wuchterl, G., Zamorano, J. url  openurl
  Title Report of the 2014 LoNNe Intercomparison Campaign Type Report
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume (up) Issue 32989 Pages  
  Keywords skyglow  
  Abstract The 2014 LoNNe (Loss of the Night Network) intercomparison campaign is the second of four campaigns planned during EU COST Action ES1204. The goal of these campaigns is to understand systematic uncertainty inherent in observations of skyglow (light pollution). An innovation of this year’s campaign was to take measurements with many of the nstruments at two sites: an urban location and a location far from artificial lights. This report summarizes the meeting, and also provides three recommendations for obtaining and analyzing handheld SQM observations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Universidad Complutense Place of Publication Madrid Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title e-prints Complutense Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1254  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Kyba CCM; Bouroussis C; Canal-Domingo R; Falchi F; Giacomelli A; Hänel A; Kolláth Z; Massetti L; Ribas SJ; Spoelstra H; Tong KP; Wuchterl G url  openurl
  Title Report of the 2015 LoNNe Intercomparison Campaign Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume (up) Issue Pages  
  Keywords skyglow  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @; IDA @ john @; GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 1255  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ban, Y.; Cao, C.; Shao, X. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Assessment of scan-angle dependent radiometric bias of Suomi-NPP VIIRS day/night band from night light point source observations Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Proc. SPIE 9607, Earth Observing Systems XX, 2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume (up) Issue Pages 960727  
  Keywords Remote sensing; Suomi NPP; VIIRS DNB; calibration  
  Abstract The low gain stage of VIIRS Day/Night Band (DNB) on Suomi-NPP is calibrated using onboard solar diffuser. The calibration is then transferred to the high gain stage of DNB based on the gain ratio determined from data collected along solar terminator region. The calibration transfer causes increase of uncertainties and affects the accuracy of the low light radiances observed by DNB at night. Since there are 32 aggregation zones from nadir to the edge of the scan and each zone has its own calibration, the calibration versus scan angle of DNB needs to be independently assessed. This study presents preliminary analysis of the scan-angle dependence of the light intensity from bridge lights, oil platforms, power plants, and flares observed by VIIRS DNB since 2014. Effects of atmospheric path length associated with scan angle are analyzed. In addition, other effects such as light changes at the time of observation are also discussed. The methodology developed will be especially useful for JPSS J1 VIIRS due to the nonlinearity effects at high scan angles, and the modification of geolocation software code for different aggregation modes. It is known that J1 VIIRS DNB has large nonlinearity across aggregation zones, and requires new aggregation modes, as well as more comprehensive validation.  
  Address Univ. of Maryland, College Park, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher SPIE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1259  
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