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Author (up) Bertiau, F.C.; de Graeve, E.; Treanor, P.J.
Title The Artificial Night-sky Illumination in Italy. Type Journal Article
Year 1973 Publication Vatican Observatory publications Abbreviated Journal
Volume 1 Issue 4 Pages 157-179
Keywords Skyglow
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 564
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Author (up) Croft, T.A.
Title Burning Waste Gas in Oil Fields Type Journal Article
Year 1973 Publication Nature Abbreviated Journal Nature
Volume 245 Issue 5425 Pages 375-376
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract I WAS recently amazed by some night-time spacecraft photographs, exemplified by Fig. 1, that present graphic evidence of waste and pollution. These were obtained by the United States Air Force DAPP system which has sensors in the visible 0.4 to 1.1 µm band and an infrared imaging system in the 8 to 13 µm band (ref. 1 and J. L. McLucas, personal communication). The visible band sensor is Capable of responding to very dim light with a controllable threshold (T. O. Haig, personal communication) and it provided these pictures. The lights of cities are clearly visible, as are the aurora, surface features illuminated by moonlight, and fires such as those caused by burning gas from oil fields and refineries. Much power is evidently being generated to light the cities of the world since at the inhabited areas are clearly outlined. It is also apparent that, in the process of extracting liquid petroleum from beneath the surface of the Earth, abundant gas supply has been discovered but is not used. Being unable to contain the gas or to transport it to a user, it is simply burnt.
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ISSN 0028-0836 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2365
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Author (up) Hoag, A.A.
Title City Sky Glow Monitoring at Kitt Peak. Type Journal Article
Year 1973 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Abbreviated Journal
Volume 85 Issue 507 Pages 503-507
Keywords Skyglow
Abstract Photographs of night sky have been taken from Kitt Peak on clear moonless nights to provide a record of changes in contamination from artificial lights. Quantitative measures confirm the obvious qualitative impression that city sky-glow brightness is increasing as is the case at most existing observatory sites.
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 565
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Author (up) Riegel, K.W.
Title Light Pollution: Outdoor lighting is a growing threat to astronomy Type Journal Article
Year 1973 Publication Science (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal Science
Volume 179 Issue 4080 Pages 1285-1291
Keywords Skyglow
Abstract There have been major qualitative and quantitative changes in outdoor lighting technology in the last decade. The level of skylight caused by outdoor lighting systems is growing at a very high rate, about 20 percent per year nationwide. In addition, the spectral distribution of man-made light pollution may change in the next decade from one containing a few mercury lines to one containing dozens of lines and a significantly increased continuum level. Light pollution is presently damaging to some astronomical programs, and it is likely to become a major factor limiting progress in the next decade. Suitable sites in the United States for new dark sky observing facilities are very difficult to find. Some of the increase in outdoor illumination is due to the character of national growth and development. Some is due to promotional campaigns, in which questionable arguments involving public safety are presented. There are protective measures which might be adopted by the government; these would significantly aid observational astronomy, without compromising the legitimate outdoor lighting needs of society. Observatories should establish programs to routinely monitor sky brightness as a function of position, wavelength, and time. The astronomical community should establish a mechanism by which such programs can be supported and coordinated.
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Language English Summary Language Original Title
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ISSN 0036-8075 ISBN Medium
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Notes PMID:17835929 Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 566
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Author (up) Roach, F.E.; Gordon, J.L.
Title The Light of the Night Sky Type Book Whole
Year 1973 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Natural Sky Brightness; Airglow
Abstract Astronomy appears to us as a combination of art, science, and philosophy. Its study puts the universe into perspective, giving a sense of pleasure in its beauty, awe at its immensity, and humility at our trivial place in it. From earliest human history, man has scrutinized the night sky – and wondered and marveled. With unaided eye but perceptive mind, he recognized order in the regular appearance and movements of individual objects, such as the planets and star groups (constellations), in their rhythmic and majestic progressions across the bowl of night. Even in the present era of scientific exactitude, there remains a profound awareness of mysteries beyond our present interpretations. It is only in comparatively recent years, however, that man has recognized that it takes more than conventional astronomy to account for the beauties ofthe night sky. Radiations in the Earth's upper atmosphere provide a foreground light, the study of which has come under a new name, aeronomy. The science of aeronomy has rapidly burgeoned, and the student of the light of the night sky finds that he is involved in an interdisciplinary domain. The 'meat' of one discipline, however, may be the 'poison' of the other. To the astronomer, the Earth's atmosphere, inhibiting his extra-terrestrial viewing, is a serious nuisance. To the aeronomer, the Moon, planets, stars, and Galaxies hamper his measurements and interfere with his studies of the Earth's upper atmosphere. Yet both sets of elements are basic to the beauties as well as to the understanding of the light of the night sky. It is essentially the students of astronomy and aeronomy for whom we have written this book. We also hope, however, that it will present much of interest and value to the bemused sky watcher, for whom some detailed knowledge of the several con-tried to meld these dual objectives to create a broadly based, professionally valid tributors to the nighttinie sky may increase his pleasure in contemplating it. We have treatise that will lead the serious student to deeper probing into the phenomena and will inspire both him and the enthusiastic amateur to an appreciation of that half of their experience which we may refer to as their 'night life'.
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Publisher Reidel Publishing Company Place of Publication Dordrecht, Holland Editor
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 3125
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