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Author Marchant, P.R. url  openurl
  Title Investigating whether a crime reduction measure works Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Radical Statistics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 91 Issue Pages (up)  
  Keywords Public Safety  
  Abstract Crime is a serious business. It causes great distress and fear. It costs a lot

to deal with its consequences. In these regards crime shares much with

the problem of ill-health and disease. The application of sound science and

statistics has allowed great strides to be made in dealing with problems of

ill health. Medical statistics is one of the recognised, established

disciplines involved in researching healthcare.

The parallels between research in crime reduction and in healthcare do

appear to differ in terms of quality. Although there is still room for

considerable improvement in researching health-care, an investigation

into the underpinning of statistical methods used indicates that the

problems are substantially worse in the study of crime. The consideration

given to statistics in crime studies seems rather flimsy, yet important

claims are made which are statistical at source and may affect policy, and

so can have considerable costs attached. Therefore, for example, it is

important to know whether the underlying crime level has really changed,

rather than just being the result of perhaps sampling variation or some

artefact giving rise to statistical bias or systematic error. This is necessary

when trying to determine whether a Crime Reduction Intervention (CRI)

has actually worked.

I started examining the scientific basis of the claim for the effectiveness for

one particular CRI, basically because I was concerned about negative side

effects and I thought the claim implausible. I remain concerned and

unconvinced. The statistical issues and concerns I raise apply also to

investigating other CRIs and to existing published analyses.

This piece extends work presented in Marchant (2006); earlier work on the

statistical issues involved can be found in Marchant (2005a, b; 2004).
 
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 452  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Rich, C.; Longcore, T.; editors url  openurl
  Title Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Island Press. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (up)  
  Keywords Ecology  
  Abstract  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 479  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Cinzano, P.; Falchi, F.; Elvidge, C. url  openurl
  Title Recent progresses on a second world atlas of the night-sky brightness--LPTRAN/LPDART realistic models, tomography of light pollution, accurate validation methods and extended satellite data analysis Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Meeting of the IAU Comm Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 50 Issue Pages (up)  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 914  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Coffin, D. url  openurl
  Title Dave Coffinś DCRAW. Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (up)  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 916  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Shirkey, R. C. url  openurl
  Title A Model for Nighttime Urban Illumination Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages (up)  
  Keywords Skyglow  
  Abstract The Army increasingly relies on night operations to accomplish its objectives. These night operations frequently require using Night Vision Goggles and other light-sensitive devices which are strongly affected by ambient lighting, a large component of which is urban. An urban illumination model is proposed for use in tactical decision aids and wargames which would allow for more accurate prediction of target acquisition ranges and increased realism in simulations. This model will build on previous research that predicts broadband brightness as a function of population and distance from the city center. Since city population and aerosols affect light distributions, the model is being extended and generalized for multiple city types and natural and man-made aerosols. An overview of the model along with future improvements will be presented.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author ARMY RESEARCH LAB WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE NM COMPUTATIONAL AND INFORMATION SCIENCE DIRECTORATE Thesis  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADA497505 Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 1977  
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